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READ DOWNLOAD á Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) â Widely considered the most famous work of the professional soldier and writer Xenophon, Anabasis is a true tale of dangerous adventure in ancient Greece Though advised not to join the army of , by his friend Socrates, Xenophon does set out with Cyrus the Great in that man s attempt to gain the empire of Persia from his brother When this leader is killed in battle, however, the army loses cause and direction, and the result is a marching republic in which the remainder of the army must fight their way home Through endless miles of hostile territory where their foes crop up at every turn, Xenophon emerges as one of the few men capable of making decisions and leading the army through a variety of difficulties in a perilous retreat back to Greece When at last they reach the sea and know they near their homeland, their cries of fierce joy resound and become the stuff of legend Told in forthright and unpretentious prose, this epic journey of extraordinary endurance over hardship remains an entertaining account that exemplifies Socratic philosophy, clear Greek writing, and the bygone valor of remarkable warriors The story Xenophon tells has been called the world s first great novela gripping narrative that builds up a single episode from the past into an exploration of the struggles and the values that shape human destiny Preface by Theodore K Rabb I really enjoyed this Exciting, suspenseful, lots of action, an undertone of seriousness with examples of Socratic Reasoning from Xenophon A great story.I think it would be a great for anyone who is looking for an entry into Greek History o The story Xenophon tells has been called the world s first great novela gripping narrative that builds up a single episode from the past into an exploration of the struggles and the values that shape human destiny Preface by Theodore K Rabb I really enjoyed this Exciting, suspenseful, lots of action, an undertone of seriousness with examples of Socratic Reasoning from Xenophon A great story.I think it would be a great for anyone who is looking for an entry into Greek History or before diving into Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon s Hellenica.Thanks Mark for getting me to read this much, much sooner than I would have otherwise The Persian Expedition or The Anabasis, or The March Up Country tells the story of an army of Greek mercenaries who ended up fighting for the losing side of a Persian civil war and must travel through hostile territory to return home And this isn t a metter of just dialing up 10,000 Uber rides besides, the surge fee would be enormous , they have to march through hundreds of miles of hostile territory with both natives and the Persian army seeking to block their way They are completely on th The Persian Expedition or The Anabasis, or The March Up Country tells the story of an army of Greek mercenaries who ended up fighting for the losing side of a Persian civil war and must travel through hostile territory to return home And this isn t a metter of just dialing up 10,000 Uber rides besides, the surge fee would be enormous , they have to march through hundreds of miles of hostile territory with both natives and the Persian army seeking to block their way They are completely on their own with no help on the way It is, at the very least, a compelling story and has the benefit of actually happening.This was certainly an interesting reading experience The writing style was definitely not of the modern world A good chunk of it was devoted to explaining the movements of the Greek forces through hostile territory As in They marched X leagues to this new area and chilled for a bit then marched another Y leagues to a new area There was much food and supplies to be acquired There were also some extended paragraphs of people not characters mind you, all these people actually existed giving speeches, there was little to no dialogue and everything was stated in a very matter of fact manner While similar to other period books I read in terms of the structure, however I thought the prose didn t reach the same elevated level History of the Peloponnesian War reached.One must keep in mind that this account comes to us from Xenophon, a Greek and eventual leader of the expedition So we run the risk of leaning on this account too much since the source is rather biased Xenophon comes off as a perfectly selfless and noble leader among men, almost too perfect Everyone who opposes him is often shown as conniving and devious Clearly salt should be taken when reading this account.It is also important to remember the people on the other side of the story Here is this 10,000 man strong mercenary force traveling through a hostile land and basically living off of it and any stored supplies they can capture They are basically heavily armed locusts with a lot of military experience and no compunction against harming barbarian people I imagine the story from their victims gives a very different account.All in all this was an interesting read in so far as it gives a contemporary account of Greek culture and world view for instance the Greeks love sacrificing stuff to figure out the best course of action there are even professional seers that travel with the army to interpret the results of the sacrifice IT was like every other page it was time for another sacrifice It was also a good illustration of just how decentralized everything was compared to modern nation states Greek cities basically did their own thing even if they were bound loosely by a common culture The Persian Empire wasa collection of kingdoms held in line by the central Persian authority s ability to punish or reward them, much different from even the Roman Empire The past truly is a foreign country in many respects.So while I wouldn t recommend this book in terms a pure entertainment, it was an illuminating look into the time and is worthwhile on that account Xenophon is an ambitious 20ish man from a prominent family in Athens that doesn t have money any because of the war with Sparta, which they lost He agrees to his friend s Proxenus plee , urging him to fight for the treacherous Prince Cyrus, younger brother of Artaxerxes II , the Persian king in 401 B.C With the end of the Peloponnesian War and Sparta s victory over dejected Athens, the glory has vanished The impoverished Greeks look to the Persian Empire for any loot they can get there h Xenophon is an ambitious 20ish man from a prominent family in Athens that doesn t have money any because of the war with Sparta, which they lost He agrees to his friend s Proxenus plee , urging him to fight for the treacherous Prince Cyrus, younger brother of Artaxerxes II , the Persian king in 401 B.C With the end of the Peloponnesian War and Sparta s victory over dejected Athens, the glory has vanished The impoverished Greeks look to the Persian Empire for any loot they can get there hands on Cyrus doesn t tell his foreign mercenaries, the 10,000 that he wants to replace his brother as king The Greeks were ostensibly recruited to defeat local enemies and receive coins When Cyrus is slain at the battle of Cunaxa, the foreigners have lost their reason for being in Persia, in a hostile nation which despises the invaders After the Greek generals are killed by treachery, a meeting that was a bloodbath , no leaders either Can they survive unfriendly tribes , get passed wide rivers , over high mountains, overcome snowy weather and get back to their native, wonderful Greece alive New leaders are chosen and Xenophon becomes a general, a dubious honor in these bleak conditions The long march continues, day after endless day, week after week , month after month, step after tired step always forward never looking back until they reach their native land with 6,000 left But having little plunder , the mercenaries return to the Persian Empire, get rich they hope and fight in a local war, after all they re soldiers A tremendous book that tells not only about brutal battles but even better the way the ancients lived , worked, and hated, a little love too, fought wars, not a pleasant subject yet necessary for our understanding of them, culture changes, however the human spirit remains the samethat is the problemFor those interested in history this can t be beat, written by a man who experience the horrific adventure and lived The book is an account of Prince Cyrus s attempt in 401 BCE to replace his brother Ataxerxes II on the Persian throne The narrative moves at a nice clip though at the expense of detail The Ten Thousand, as the Greek mercenaries are known, advance a thousand miles from Greek Sardis in Asia Minor to Babylon only to have Cyrus die in battle and leave them stranded I am not a big reader of military histories This subject interested me because I had liked Thucydides s History of the Peloponnesian The book is an account of Prince Cyrus s attempt in 401 BCE to replace his brother Ataxerxes II on the Persian throne The narrative moves at a nice clip though at the expense of detail The Ten Thousand, as the Greek mercenaries are known, advance a thousand miles from Greek Sardis in Asia Minor to Babylon only to have Cyrus die in battle and leave them stranded I am not a big reader of military histories This subject interested me because I had liked Thucydides s History of the Peloponnesian War so much This account is not as good as that Thucydides sought something like journalistic objectivity in his account and he had a gift for detail Xenophon lacks any such narrative balance or descriptive acumen In fact, much of the last half of the book might be regarded as auto hagiography if there is such a thing since Xenophon was or considered himself to be a major player in the action After Cyrus s death the Greeks have to fight their way back home along a much longer route Understandably, very few native peoples are happy to let an army of this size pass unmolested through their lands, especially when plunder is a necessary means of survival for the Greeks Xenophon proceeds by way of travelogue interrupted now and then by biographies of those significant persons, usually generals, who are killed in action Here you will find all the elements of a spirited adventure narrative heroism, military battle, treachery, megalomania, sacking of villages, taking of prisoners, sacrifices to the gods and so on Especially interesting too is the soothsaying by way of animal entrails Chapter 1 Book 6 of this translation features a fascinating account of the various dances done during a respite by the soldiers who represent all regions of Greece My favorite passage however comes late in the book when Xenophon has to control his unruly soldiers at Byzantium The way he assuages their anger and then talks them out of sacking the Spartan run city is a joy to read Highly recommended