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[Read Ebook] Ü The Onin War: History of Its Origins and Background ⚜ nin War WikipediaOnin War Summary Britannica nin War, May Bythe Ashikaga dynasty of shoguns in Japan had grown so weak that a succession dispute provided the trigger for a civil war, the Onin War, and the collapse of central authority The civil war, largely fought within the imperial capital of Japan The nin War Britannica Japan Japan The nin War During the rule of the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa a general civil war broke out in the area around Ky to, caused by economic distress and precipitated by a dispute over the shogunal succession Indeed, severe famines engendered rebellion nearly every autumn, and it is said that during his term as shogun Yoshimasa issuededicts for the cancellationThe Onin War Ancient Japan s Biggest War KansaiThe nin War McGraw Commons The war began on , when two factions of the Hatakeyama fought at the Kami Gory shrine, and led to the devastation of Kyoto Both commanders, Yamana S zen and Hosokawa Katsumoto, perished in , and thereupon the war lasted for fouryears, until the surviving participants abandoned Kyoto and returned to their home provinces The nin War The nin War came about when a dispute over the succession of the Ashikaga Shogunate led to civil war Individuals from the families of two powerful daimyo feudal lords led the fighting, namely Hosokawa Katsumoto and Yamana Sozen the Red Monk , and most of the Shugos feudal governors took sides in the dispute Both sought to strengthen their positions and gain control after the ShogunWar America s Finest News Source The Onion Bolton Argues War With Iran Only Way To Avenge Americans Killed In Upcoming War With IranPM NewsNewsWhite House Hires Top Hollywood Agent To Pitch Action Packed, High Concept War With Iran To American PublicAM News In PhotosNews In PhotosReport It Not Good Time For Long, Devastating War For Iran, Either Japan s Onin War A Vital Moment In The History OfThe Onion America s Finest News Source The Onion brings you all of the latest news, stories, photos, videos andfrom America s finest news source Star Wars The Old Republic Jouez Star Wars The Old Republic et forgez votre propre saga Star Wars dans un jeu MMO dot d un riche scnario dvelopp par BioWare en collaboration avec LucasArts Ashikaga Yoshimasa 1436 1490Nota bene This is a twofer Life and Culture in Predatory Medieval Japan Japan was ruled by its warrior class from approximately 1185 till 1868, with a relatively brief return to that status quo in the first half of the 20th century That is a long time to be under the thumb of the military, and I know of no other such country on the face of the earth H Paul Varley s The Onin War History of Its Origins and Background 1967 and Donald Keene s Yoshimasa andAshikaga Yoshimasa 1436 1490Nota bene This is a twofer Life and Culture in Predatory Medieval Japan Japan was ruled by its warrior class from approximately 1185 till 1868, with a relatively brief return to that status quo in the first half of the 20th century That is a long time to be under the thumb of the military, and I know of no other such country on the face of the earth H Paul Varley s The Onin War History of Its Origins and Background 1967 and Donald Keene s Yoshimasa and the Silver Pavilion The Creation of the Soul of Japan 2003 treat, respectively, the political social administrative history and the cultural history of the first portion of that span, the Kamakura and Muromachi shogunates, until around the end of the 15th century In the late 12th century Minamoto Yoritomo defeated the Taira clan and founded the Kamakura bakufu, thereby forcing the emperor to become a mere figurehead The Mongol overlord of China, Kublai Khan, sent armies to invade Japan in 1274 and 1281, and though the Japanese managed to defeat the Mongols and their allies and not just with the help of the kamikaze holy wind , the strains had weakened the shogunate to the point that the Hojo clan, reading off the game plan of Yoritomo, set up a regent for the shoguns Now the emperor and the shogun were both figureheads and the actual power was in the hands of the Hojo regent In the early 14th century the then reigning emperor, with the support of many samurai including Ashikaga Takauji, overthrew the declining Hojo s and the Kamakura shogunate and re established the emperor s rule For less than three years The ambitious Takauji swept away the emperor s military support and founded the Muromachi bakufu Once again, the emperors were figureheads Kinkaku ji Temple of the Golden Pavilion , originally erected by Yoshimasa s famous grandfather, Yoshimitsu This general outline is fairly well known, but Varley, apparently relying heavily on prior work by Japanese scholars, explains the dynamics of the social and political situation during this period it was anything but static In Varley s portrait Japan was a constantly evolving and bitter struggle between the peasants, the estate owners, the local samurai, the bakufu representatives and the central government itself, a struggle in which every man was for himself the local samurai eventually became the big dogs in the yard, at least until Takauji figured out how to bind enough of them to himself to take over Varley also makes clear the regional differences within Japan that add significant nuances to the picture, nuances also relevant for the Japan of later centuries During the Ashikaga Muromachi shogunate yet another dynamic manifested itself in which the bakufu representatives gathered the power to themselves, weakening the shogunate to the point that for an entire decade, 1467 1477, the new powers the daimyo fought it out in the capital city itself while the emperors and shogun Yoshimasa stood by helplessly When the Onin War was finally over, very little was left standing in Kyoto the Kinkaku ji was one of the exceptions The fires had ravaged not only the buildings but also all the cultural artefacts accumulated by the emperors and shoguns over the centuries Fortunately, the most important Buddhist monasteries scattered across central Japan had long become cultural centers in their own right and so some of the brilliant pre 1467 culture remains to us Keene sketches this culture for us in his book with an eye towards establishing the claim that the nihon no kokoro the soul heart of Japan was crucially formed during the reign of the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa Though Yoshimasa may have been one of the worst rulers in Japan s history from the point of view of actual governance, his tastes in everything from architecture, interior design, painting and poetry to garden design and the tea ceremony shaped Japanese culture down to the present, at least in Keene s view Keene succeeds in making this assertion plausible, but for me the primary interest lies in his portrait of medieval Japanese culture, which I have lamentably ignored in favor of other periods That is going to change Eventually, the Hojo regent became a figurehead and the power devolved to the Hojo clan council The pavilion was burnt down in 1950 by a mentally disturbed monk and subsequently restored Mishima Yukio entered into the mind of this mad monk in his The Temple of the Golden Pavilion Varley s book includes a translation of extensive excerpts some sixty pages of thenin Ki The Chronicle of the Onin War , written sometime from the end of the 15th century to the middle of the 16th century It is a very interesting, nearly contemporaneous view of the causes and course of the war